Study of the specific features of highly distributed architectures for decision and control requirements

Our electricity infrastructure has undergone and will continue to undergo profound changes in the coming decades. The rapid growth in the share of renewables in electricity generation requires solutions to secure energy systems, especially with regard to the variability, stability and balancing aspects of the electricity system and the protection of the grid infrastructure itself. The purpose of this study is to help design new decision-making methods, specially adapted to highly distributed control architectures for energy networks. These new methods will have to be evaluated in terms of performance, resilience, robustness and tested in the presence of various hazards and even byzantines.

Modeling of faults on low voltage DC networks in buildings, towards fault detection algorithms

The development of the use of renewable energies and energy storage as well as the progress made by power electronic components are gradually leading to a rethinking of the architectures of low voltage electrical distribution networks in buildings. These developments will allow the development of direct current or mixed alternating-direct current networks supplied by static converters. On this type of network, faults become more difficult to manage due to the power sources used. Indeed, the usual signatures of the short-circuit or the overload are no longer the same and will vary according to the converters used and the architecture of the network. For this, it is necessary to identify, by simulation, the most suitable protection topologies (by neutral systems for example) and to identify the typical fault signatures. Ultimately, these signatures will provide optimum detection devices.

Formalization of the area of responsibility of the actors of the electricity market

The CEA is currently developing a simulation tool which models the energy exchanges between the actors of the electricity market but which models, in addition, the exchanges of information between those actors. The first results of this work show that, for some new energy exchange schemes, ’indirect’ interactions between actors may appear and may cause financial damage (for example, the failure of a source of production of one actor may impact the income of another). Thus, the borders which clearly delimited until now the areas of responsibility of each actors could be brought to blur and their areas of responsibility could "overla". The candidate will be responsible for:
- Formally define the area of responsibility of an actor in the electricity market,
- Model the interactions, including ’indirect’ ones, that may appear between these actors,
- Apply formal proof techniques (such as ’model-checking’) to detect overlaps in areas of responsibility,
- Define the conditions of exchange between the actors which would guarantee the non-recovery of the areas of responsibility.