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Thesis
Home   /   Thesis   /   In situ Magic Angle spinning NMR analysis of Li-ion batteries

In situ Magic Angle spinning NMR analysis of Li-ion batteries

Electrochemical energy storage incl. batteries for energy transition Engineering sciences Instrumentation Technological challenges

Abstract

In situ solid-state Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (ssNMR) is a valuable characterization tool to decipher the electrochemical phenomena during battery operation. However, the broad signal lineshapes acquired from the sample static condition often retrain from the full potential of ssNMR characterization. Ex situ ssNMR experiments, using Magic-Angle sample Spinning (MAS), are often necessary to interpret the in situ data. As in any ex situ characterizations, the analyses do not always represent the real electrochemistry because of unwanted artifacts from the ex situ sample preparation, i.e., cell dismantling and electrode separations. Consequently, in situ ssNMR applications have been limited. The PhD student will address this limitation by developing a spinning battery cell for acquiring high-resolution ssNMR data under MAS for in situ study, including a new method of spatially-resolved ssNMR spectroscopy. Combining in situ, MAS, and localized spectroscopy would lead to an unprecedented in situ ssNMR tool for deciphering fundamental insights into battery chemistry, which the student will emphasize by studying phenomena such as interfaces and dendrite formation in operating Li-ion batteries.

Laboratory

Institut rayonnement et matière de Saclay
Service Nanosciences et Innovation pour les Materiaux, la Biomédecine et l’Energie
Laboratoire d’étude des éléments légers
Paris-Saclay
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