Reducing the density of materials is one of the best ways to diminish our energy footprint. One solution is to replace massive materials by microlattices. Among these, random architecture structures inspired by bird bone structure offer the best advantages, with isotropic mechanical behavior and increased mechanical resistance, while meeting the challenges of the circular economy. These material-saving metamaterials are manufactured by 3D printing and can be compacted at the end of their life cycle. Among manufacturing technologies, UV polymerization of liquid organic resin or composite is the most promising. It produces mechanically resistant materials without generating manufacturing waste. It is also possible to include large quantities of bio-sourced fillers, reducing even further their environmental impact.
The PhD-thesis proposed here focuses on the development of polymeric nanocomposite microlattice structures from resin formulation to mechanical properties study (viscoelasticity, yield stress, fracture resistance) through printing and post-processing stages. From a more fundamental point of view, the aim is to study the link between the composition, shape and surface properties of the fillers on one hand, and the imprimability of the composite resine and the mechanical properties of the resulting metamaterial on the other hand. The thesis will focus on the study of cellulose-type fillers in nanoparticle, microparticle or fiber form. This multidisciplinary study bridges technology to science while producing data for a digital twin.