The project NANTISTA (Neuromorphic Architecture for Nuclear Threat Identification for SecuriTy Applications) deals with the prevention of illegal traffic of nuclear materials at international borders. The project aims at the development of a detection platform using plastic scintillators for fast radionuclide identification (such as fissile materials) based on neural networks. The post-doctoral subject consists in the development of the detection system and the construction of databases dedicated to the learning process and the optimization of the neural networks. The databases will be built with experimental measurements given by radioactive sources. Radiation-matter simulations (Monte-Carlo codes Geant4 and Penelope) will also be implemented for the construction of the databases.