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Home   /   Post Doctorat   /   Study of the seismic behavior of piping systems using mechanical models of different degrees of fidelity

Study of the seismic behavior of piping systems using mechanical models of different degrees of fidelity

Engineering sciences Mechanics, energetics, process engineering


Piping systems are part of the equipment to which particular attention is paid as part of the safety review or design of nuclear installations. They are designed in accordance with codes, standards and regulations to withstand loads that occur or may occur over the life of a facility. These systems must therefore be designed to withstand accidental loads such as earthquakes. Feedback shows that piping systems generally behave well in the event of an earthquake. When failures are observed, they are more likely to be due to significant anchor movement, brittle materials, unwelded joints, corrosion, piping support failures, or seismic interactions. In practice, to be able to estimate the beyond design seismic behavior and the associated failure risks, the engineer can implement numerical models involving varying degrees of refinement depending on needs. This study consists of taking stock of the numerical modeling capabilities of piping systems under earthquake. For reasons of computational burden, global modeling based on beam elements is often favored, considering simplified material laws such as bilinear material laws with kinematic hardening. We know the “theoretical” limits of these models but it is difficult to have clear ideas about their real limits of applicability depending on the level of loading and the damage targeted. To make this assessment, we propose to interpret, using different numerical models involving different degrees of fidelity, the results of the experimental campaign carried out by the BARC and which was used for the MECOS benchmark (METallic COmponent margins under high Seismic loads).


Département de Modélisation des Systèmes et Structures
Service d’Etudes Mécaniques et Thermiques
Laboratoire d’Etudes de Mécanique Sismique
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