About us
Espace utilisateur
Education
INSTN offers more than 40 diplomas from operator level to post-graduate degree level. 30% of our students are international students.
Professionnal development
Professionnal development
Find a training course
INSTN delivers off-the-self or tailor-made training courses to support the operational excellence of your talents.
Human capital solutions
At INSTN, we are committed to providing our partners with the best human capital solutions to develop and deliver safe & sustainable projects.
Thesis
Home   /   Post Doctorat   /   xenon measurement by Cavity RingDown Spectroscopy to improve safety in the fast neutron reactors

xenon measurement by Cavity RingDown Spectroscopy to improve safety in the fast neutron reactors

Atomic and molecular physics Condensed matter physics, chemistry & nanosciences

Abstract

Safety is a key point of the IVth generation nuclear reactors. Therefore new analytical methods are investigated for reliably detecting tracers of a nuclear reactor malfunction. This postdoctoral work aims at studying an innovative laser absorption method, Cavity RingDown Spectroscopy CDRS, to measure gaseous tracers indicating a reactor malfunction. This study is part of the research and development activity of the Physical Chemistry Department (DPC), which is partly involved in improving and developing tools and analytical methods. The optical system studies are a collaboration work with the "Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire de Physique" of the Grenoble University (France), which is a leader research laboratory in trace gas detection by laser absorption methods CRDS (Cavity RingDown Spectroscopy) and OF-CEAS (Optical Feedback Cavity Enhanced Absorption Spectroscopy).

A glow discharge was coupled to a Cavity RingDown measurement. After plasma conditions optimization, the optical set-up is able to measure below 1 part per billion Xe/Ar mixing ratios. The optical saturation of the xenon electronic transition should be considered to quantify each isotope. The optimized CRDS measurement will be characterized. The set-up could further measure krypton isotopes.

A. Pailloux & al., depot de brevet 11 62436 (2011)

P. Jacquet, A. Pailloux, submitted to J. Anal. Atom. Spectrom. (2013)

N. Sadeghi, J. Plasma Fusion Research 80 (9), pp 767-776 (2005)

Laboratory

Département de Physico-Chimie
Service d’Etudes du Comportement des Radionucléides
Laboratoire de Radiolyse et de la Matière Organique
Top envelopegraduation-hatlicensebookuserusersmap-markercalendar-fullbubblecrossmenuarrow-down