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Home   /   Thesis   /   Development of thin film negative electrodes for Li-free all-solid-state batteries

Development of thin film negative electrodes for Li-free all-solid-state batteries

Electrochemical energy storage incl. batteries for energy transition Engineering sciences Materials and applications Technological challenges


The aim of this work is to develop 'Li-free' negative electrodes for new generations of high energy density all-solid-state lithium batteries. The function of this type of electrode is to provide a significant gain in energy density in the battery, to facilitate its manufacture by eliminating the need to handle lithium metal and, most importantly, to enable the formation of a homogeneous, dendrite-free lithium film when the battery is charged.
These electrodes will be based on the functionalisation of a metal collector with thin-film materials comprising at least one lithiophilic material (typically a compound that can be alloyed with lithium) and an inorganic ionic conductor. These electrodes are prepared by physical vacuum deposition processes such as sputtering or thermal evaporation. It will therefore be necessary to study the influence of the composition and structure of the lithiophilic layer on the nucleation and growth mechanism of the lithium film and on the evolution of the electrode during charge/discharge cycles. The role of chemical/mechanical interactions with the ionic conducting layer will also be investigated.
This work, which is part of a national CEA/CNRS joint project, will be carried out at the CEA Tech site in Pessac, which has a full range of vacuum deposition and thin film characterisation equipment, in close collaboration with ICMCB CNRS in Bordeaux. It will benefit from the many characterisation resources (confocal optical microscopy, SEM/cryo FIB, ToF-SIMS, SS-NMR, µ-XRD, AFM,...) available in the various partner laboratories involved in the project.


Département de l’Electricité et de l’Hydrogène pour les Transports (LITEN)
Service Technologies Batterie
Laboratoire Matériaux
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