About us
Espace utilisateur
INSTN offers more than 40 diplomas from operator level to post-graduate degree level. 30% of our students are international students.
Professionnal development
Professionnal development
Find a training course
INSTN delivers off-the-self or tailor-made training courses to support the operational excellence of your talents.
Human capital solutions
At INSTN, we are committed to providing our partners with the best human capital solutions to develop and deliver safe & sustainable projects.
Home   /   Thesis   /   Synthesis, characterization and modeling of (Mn,Co)3O4 thin films applied to corrosion layers and spintronics

Synthesis, characterization and modeling of (Mn,Co)3O4 thin films applied to corrosion layers and spintronics

Condensed matter physics, chemistry & nanosciences Solid state physics, surfaces and interfaces


Spinel-type transition metal oxides (AB2O4) appear spontaneously during the generalized corrosion of steels or alloys in aqueous or gaseous environments at high temperatures. This spinel phase forms a continuous corrosion layer and thus regulates corrosion processes by controlling conductivity and material transport between the material and the oxidizing medium. They are also applied voluntarily as protective coatings against degradation phenomena. In particular, the Mn-Co-O spinel system is very promising as protective conductive layers on ferritic stainless steel used to fabricate interconnects in solid oxide fuel cells for green hydrogen production. The composition of the spinel phase determines the protective performance of the coatings. This feature is particularly delicate for materials used in high-temperature electrolyzers, as electronic transport must be optimal (high electrolysis), but must not be accompanied by material transport (low cation diffusion).
In contrast, electronic transport properties of spinel-type transition metal oxides are generally not well understood. Measurements are made on complex corrosion layers (or coatings) of variable composition, low crystallinity, complex microstructure and low thickness. Furthermore, spinel oxides exhibit magnetic properties and composition-dependent cationic disorder that are usually ignored, even though they have a strong impact on electronic transport. The properties highlighted here are the ones that also hold significant importance within the field of spintronics. Thus, tuning the chemical composition of these spinel-structured oxides (normal, inverse or mixed) offers a wide range of magnetic (ferrimagnetic, antiferromagnetic) and electronic (semimetallic, semiconductor, insulator) properties. In particular, CoMn2O4 is expected to exhibit a complex magnetic configuration [1], mainly related to the arrangement of Co2+ and Mn3+ cations in interstitial sites, which needs to be analyzed in detail. Unlike corrosion layers, these physical studies require the synthesis of thin films of well-controlled composition and high crystallinity.
The aim of the thesis is to build up knowledge of physicochemical and structural properties of (Mn,Co)3O4 in order to contribute to the elaboration of Mn-Co-O phase diagrams and electronic transport models based on the relationship between order/disorder, magnetic properties and resistivity of (Mn,Co)3O4. Eventually, the whole (Fe,Cr,Mn,Co)3O4 system will be also considered. The study will be carried out on thin films of perfectly controlled composition and high crystallinity, and will be enhanced by numerical simulations. The experimental and theoretical work will be based on the results of previous studies on (Ni,Fe,Cr)3O4 epitaxial thin films [2,3].
The thesis will be divided as follows:
- Growth of thin films and multilayers by MBE (Molecular Beam Epitaxy) (J.-B. Moussy)
- Spectroscopic characterization using XPS (X-ray photoemission spectroscopy) (F. Miserque)
- Fine structure characterization by DRX and X-ray absorption (XMCD) (P. Vasconcelos)
- Modeling of core-level spectra (XPS, XAS and XMCD) and atomistic modeling (A. Chartier)
- Magnetic characterization by SQUID/VSM magnetometry and electric transport characterization (J.-B. Moussy)

[1] Systematic analysis of structural and magnetic properties of spinel CoB2O4 (B= Cr, Mn and Fe) compounds from their electronic structures, Debashish Das, Rajkumar Biswas and Subhradip Ghosh, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 28 (2016) 446001.
[2] Stoichiometry driven tuning of physical properties in epitaxial Fe3-xCrxO4 thin films, Pâmella Vasconcelos Borges Pinho, Alain Chartier, Denis Menut, Antoine Barbier, Myrtille O.J.Y. Hunault, Philippe Ohresser, Cécile Marcelot, Bénédicte Warot-Fonrose, Frédéric Miserque, Jean-Baptiste Moussy, Applied Surface Science 615 (2023) 156354.
[3] Elaboration, caractérisation et modélisation de films minces et multicouches à base d’oxydes (Ni,Fe,Cr)3O4 appliquées à la corrosion et à la spintronique, A. Simonnot, thèse en cours.


Département de Recherche sur les Matériaux et la Physico-chimie pour les énergies bas carbone
Service de recherche en Corrosion et Comportement des Matériaux
Laboratoire de Modélisation, Thermodynamique et Thermochimie
Paris Sciences et Lettres
Top envelopegraduation-hatlicensebookuserusersmap-markercalendar-fullbubblecrossmenuarrow-down